Tuesday, 24 February 2015

BONE DISEASE:OSTEOPOROSIS

Bone is a dynamic body tissue which get calcified and strength our body ,give exact shape ,posture which is impossible without it. Bones are living tissue which keep on remolding whole life (bone formation and destruction) in older age the process of destruction of bone(by osteoclast cells) is more the formation(by osteoblast cells) that's why in old age bone are weak and prone to fracture. Simply how much you stronger your bone in young age(before 30) that will delay destruction. Osteoporosis is define as reduced bone density, which causes a micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue and lead to an increased risk of fractures. More the bone density stronger bone you have.  Most common associated with postmenopausal women. Other causes as follow.




CAUSES OF OSTEOPOROSIS 
DRUGS
Some of drugs work for body but with side effects (as every good thing have bad thing with it).
Corticosteroids is important cause of osteoporosis depend on duration and dose of therapy. Practically there is no safe dose of corticosteroids but if dose (prednison) exceed 7.5mg daily for 3 months the risks dramatically increase, key impact on osteoblast (bone forming cell) which is inhibited by this.Other agents are GnRH, sedative, anticonvulsion, alcohol excess, heparin.




ENDOCRINE DISEASES
There are multiple endocrine problem causes osteoporosis some of them are Hypogonadism, cushing's syndrome, hyperparathyroidism (destroy the bone and extract the calcium out of it) , hyperthyroidism.




INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
Inflammation is not good for health as well as our bone chronic inflammation lead to the destruction of bone and risk of osteoporosis is develop i-e Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis.




GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASE
Malabsorption the problem is with your absortion mechine so less amount of calcium absorped lead to osteoporosis, chronic liver disease.




MISCELLANEOUS
Some cancer and infection may cause osteoporosis but less in number. Myeloma,HIV infection....
CLINICAL FEATURE
You may not feel that your bone is weak until fracture occurs, asymptomatic until fracture occurs, back pain, often episode of minimal trauma may occurs.




DEXA SCAN
If you feel some kind of weakness go for dexa scane (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) at lumber spine and hip. If T-score value is less then or equal to -2.5 you have it(osteoporosis).




LIFESTYLE MODIFICATION
Aim is to reduce the fracture. Cessation smoking right now, dietary calcium intake is helpful, regular bone stress exercises, Here moderate amount of alcohol intake is good, Vitamin D, protein diet, reducing harmful substance, minerals.




DRUGS
Consult to doctor for proper treatment normally bisphosphonates is the main stay.


Thursday, 19 February 2015

TOP FANTASTIC FOOD TO KEEP THE EYES HEALTHY

Eating right is key of healthy life as we all know. Some food which is good and healthy for our heart, body surprisingly some of them also good for our eyes. Eyes are complex organ which has its own nutrient requirement so the diet low in fat and rich in vegetables, fruit, whole grain.. is play a beneficial role in keeping your eyes healthy and good for your heart as well. Some of them as follow.

SALMON FISH
Well the fresh water fish salmon, tuna and other is beneficial in delaying the onset of macular degeneration(age related eye disease) this is because rich in omega 3 fatty acid. A plenty of researches shows that diet rich in omega 3 fatty acid ( as in olives) delayed the onset or lower the risk of age related eye disease.






ORANGE AND CITRUS FRUITS
Citrus food is rich source of vitamin C also have plenty of anti oxidant which help to prevent or at least delay the opacification of lens due to age and also age related macular degeneration. Plenty of researches shows that a high level of vitamin C is helpful in preventing both eye related degeneration. So the fruit rich in vitamin C is good for our eyes. Fruit i-e Oranges, lemon, grapefruit, tangerines and much more.






DARK LEAFY GREEN VEGETABLES
Broccoli or kale is one of dark leafy vegetables contain high amount of lutein and zeaxanthin both compounds are present in eye and believe to lower the risk of age related changes in the eye some studies is carried out that use of lutein is related to lower the risk of age related changes upto 20% a good value. People doesn't like kale have other family member of kale like spinach, collards, turnip greens.





LEGUMES
All kind of legumes contain zinc an essential trace mineral in our body and eye have high in zinc concentration. Zinc protect our eyes from the direct sunlight which may damage the eye. Legumes like Black eyed peas mainly, kidney bean and many more. You also get zinc from other sources i-e red meat ,poultry....





Carrot! you all think about it no doubt it is good for your eyes health but it is rich in beta carotene helps in night vision so other food is superior that why i keep them above.




PRECAUTIONS 
Make sure you use the glasses to protect from UV light. Every 20 min of computer work eyes are relax by looking 20 feet away to distant target and 2 hr work need 10 to 15 min break this will help your eyes to keep healthy.

Sunday, 1 February 2015

TOP BEST AND HEALTHY FOOD

There are many many foods which packed with skin-boosting vitamins and protein. Actually these vitamin neutralize the oxidant of our body which is capable of destroying any human cell so if you kept these oxidant in control the automatically body cells are protected and do well. If these oxidant are free then a lot of diseases is waiting for you, in unhealthy food a lot of oxidant (bad one) present instead of anti oxidant (the good one) so which lead to chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases, obesity and plenty of a lot more.
If you stick to the healthy food by eating more fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and grains.... and cutting out the starchy crab and fats ( use unsaturated fat and cut down saturated , tarns-fatty acid) you will be feeling well and healthy at any stage of life. In the following article some top food are listed.



ALMOND
The one of Worlds healthiest, food found around the whole year mainly in mid summer. Almond packed of vitamin E skin (boosting), high in fiber that decrease your hunger, despite of fact they rich in calories but does not contribute to belly fats. Some nutritional fact about almond. Sliced,raw, Almond 1/4 cup (approx 23 grams) contain %age daily value of
100 grams contain 576
protein 21 grams 42%
iron 20%
Fiber approx 11%
biotin 49%
calcium 26%
vitamin E 40%
magnesium 67%
copper 26%
B 12 approx 18% and a lot more..

  • Almond lower the bad cholesterol the LDL and hence reduce the risk of problem related to heart. Almond high monounsaturated fat (good fats) same found in olive oil. 
  • This is low glycemic index food they protect and lower the risk against cardiovascular diseases as well as diabetes.
  • May help to lose body weight



APPLE
Fresh apples are one of good source of vitamin C 7% daily value (same function like vitamin E help to reduce the oxidant of our body it also helps to stabilize the connective tissue of our body which is present in approx whole body). Apples contain 52 calories (2000 based) per 100 grams and contain 107 mg potassium. Apples are also good source of soluble fibers hence reduce body cholesterol.




BLUEBERRIES
One of the amazing food loaded with phyto-nutrients that help in preventing the chronic illness such as diabetes, heart attack and so on. Blueberries contain low calories and rich in vitamin C. 100 grams contain 57 calories ,16% daily value of vitamin C and 5% B-12 and others. 




BROCCOLI
This is good source of folate (which is extremely require for the cells which continuously being formed like our blood cells, gestor-intestinal lining and many more places if folate is deficient then normal cell is become enlarge and less functional as previously). Also rich in vitamin A and C. Per 100 grams contain 34 calories, 316 grams of potassium, 148% of vitamin C , 12% of vitamin A, 10% of vitamin B-6.




RED BEANS
They are good source of low-fat protein and other dietary fiber. They are also good source of iron, potassium and phosphorus.





FISH SALMON
Fish rich in omega 3 fatty acid .Which protect against arrhythmia and do not clot blood vessel  so it actually protect from artery plaques and embolism hence reduce the blood pressure and lower risk of stroke, myocardial infarct. Salmon fish rich in this fatty acid and low in saturated fat and cholesterol , good source of protein. per 100 grams of 208 calories, protein 20 grams 40% daily value , vitamin B-6 30%.




SPINACH
Spinach is good source of magnesium, vitamin A as well as vitamin C and folate. It protect against age related vision problems (like night blindness, macular degeneration and others) because it contain beta carotene, zeaxanthin and many more. It may protect against certain heart diseases and malignancies. 100 grams contain 23 calorie, potassium 558 milligrams, vitamin A 187%, vitamin C 46%, magnesium 19%.



                                     -----------------------------------------------------------