Friday, 28 February 2014

ASTHMA

Advancing of industrialization improvement of status and life style gave birth to the disease which is not much fatal in past and prognosis is good but now due to disturbance of environment by variety of pathogen which are responsible for production of disease while inhaling  that air.The pathogen due to environmental factors influence upon then make them more resistance and stronger against us.Today open minded life people love to chose the sedentary life style and great value to appetite that is why obesity is common in developed countries; obesity is mother of diseases this will influence approx all the diseases asthma is one of them. Asthma affect 300 million people world-wide. Asthma is develop due to continuous inhalation of expose allergen(any substance induce our body immunity). Asthma is  under the heading of obstructive diseases 
  • Extrinsic Asthma(this is due to expose allergen to body)
  • Intrinsic asthma(family history of asthma)
SIGN AND SYMPTOM
First notable symptom is shortness of breath with whistling sound when expire the air (wheezing), chest tightness (with or without pain), disturbed sleep due to shortness of breath, change color of mucus when you cough up...  

HOW TO CONTROL  ASTHMA

SUBSTANCE TRIGGERS YOUR ASTHMA
To stop or avoid the trigger's of asthma. Plenty of substances which may trigger the asthma but fact is that out of those substances which one is involve to acerbate your asthma (you quit able to identified by noticing yourself that which things acerbate yours asthma). Asthma triggers by carpeting (instead use wood floors), Stuffed animals in bedroom, dust mites, smoking, pets, cockroaches, molds, emotional related problems, cold environment, exerciser....




NO MORE SMOKING
Smoking acerbate asthma. Smoking is either active(person is smoking) or passive(person inhaled the smoke of other) both acerbate asthma. So if you are smoker quit it, if your friends are smoking leave the place to avoid smoke and ask your family and friends to stop smoking.





ALLERGIES
If you are allergen to some specific food, cold air, dust, pollen, polluted air, smoke, a lot more, identified the cause of allergen and avoid that substance or condition or environment. Use washable blankets and other stuff of regular usage.





PETS, STUFFED ANIMALS
Pet trigger the asthmatic attack so keep the pet away if someone refuse to give it away then bathe the pet weekly or every 5th day that helps you to reduce the asthma attack. Stuffed animal also trigger asthma and child especially doesn't  give it away one way to clean your stuffed animal from dust mites to place it into freezer for a day in week and after that wash it freezing kill the dust mites and washing help to clear the residues of dust mites.





PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EMOTIONAL STATUS
Strenuous exercise enhance the asthma it doesn't mean you never exercise. Limit your activity while air pollution is high (see t.v, radio for calculated value of air). Strong emotional news, problem.. enhance asthmatic attack even thunderstorms and extreme of temperature(freezing temperature) exacerbate asthma. So keep calm and avoid peak of emotion and exercise.  





OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA
Asthma is due to occupation of person is occupational asthma. Main agent is isocyanates, flour and grain dust, animals, fluxes, wood dust, latex... cause occupational asthma and the worker most reported asthma is of paint sprayers, animals handlers, bakers and pastry-makers, welders, nurses, chemical workers, timber workers, food processing workers.. This can be avoided by simply changing the occupation or wear safety masks and follow safety precautions about particular substance and asthma.





RESPIRATORY INFECTION 
Respiratory infection is more common in patient with asthma (infection like pneumonia, acute respiratory disease...)




POOR HYGIENE AND LOW ECONOMICAL STATUS
Rate of asthma is high with low hygiene and mortality (death) due to asthma is high in poor living status.





NEVER HAD A INFECTION
Studies shows rate of asthma is high in also who never infected by a infected organism (bacteria...)

CONTROLLED ASTHMA
If the daytime symptoms of asthma is not appear(2 or less in a week), asthma doesn't make limitation in your activities, no history of nocturnal symptom or awakening is present (2 or less in a week), no need of rescue reliever treatment(2 or less in a week), lung function is normal, no exacerbation of asthma that mean your asthma is controlled no need of treatment required.






TREATMENT
Asthma is controlled as short term and long term. Short term agent (like Albuterol..) use to relive the attack, long term reviler (like salbutamol..) use to stop the attack.




SEE THE DOCTOR
See the doc. if symptoms is worsen day by day.


By HARIM NAZ