Saturday, 9 November 2013

DIARRHEA SYMPTOM,CAUSE,TREATMENT


DIARRHEA
Frequently passing of more watery stools than normal called diarrhea  (loose motion or watery stools).If  the stools with blood than dysentery.
SYMPTOMS
Diarrhea is most frequently associated with abdominal pains,cramps,repeated go to toilet,nausea sometime with vomiting,watery stools(poo).Normally diarrhea is cured in children within a week not go longer and in adults it take 1-2 day to cured.
CAUSES
Mostly associated with infection setting in intestine like gastroenteritis,food poisoning or associated by some viruses rotavirus(3-8 days),norovirus(2 days),giardiasis(weeks),salmonella and campylobacter (2-7 days)





TREATMENT


BY USING DIET PLANE

DRINK PLENTY OF WATER WITH FLUID REPLACEMENT
Diarrhea is associated with high water and fluid loss from body due to water loss dehydration occur but due to salt imbalance a lot of problems occurring; in blood less ionic balance lead to different complications so the simple replacement is that drink plenty of water + oral re-hydration solutions(ORS) and give zinc supplements because due to diarrhea zinc is loss in excessive ratio.




DIET ADJUSTMENT
Diet adjustment during initial 24 hrs of diarrhoea is to limit yourself to yogurts,and Saltine cracker(100 grams) which contain 42% of sodium daily requirement others are the potassium 4%,total carbohydrates 24%,dietary fibers 11%,proteins 20%, vitamin B-6 5%,vitamin B-12 1%,iron 28%,magnesium 6%(all values are %age daily requirement .




BRAT DIET
BART diet is mnemonic of B-banana,A-apple,R-rice,T-toast because the diet is low in fibers,fat and not enough nutritions thats help to recover a gastrointestinal system.




USE OF GINGER
Ginger helps to smooth yours stomach,treat vomiting and nausea.ginger use by old chines herbal to treat the stomach problems .ginger fast movement of food from stomach and relieve to stomach .Ginger contain gingerols which is the active ingredient in that beside that it will help to relieve the stomach symptoms excess will lead to more frequent passage of stools hence diarrhea




FOOD SHOULD BE AVOIDED(first 48 hrs)

SPICY FOOD
Spicy food,fruit,alcohol intake should be avoided until 48 hrs the diarrhea has subsided.
because they all worsen diarrhoea and lead to other's complications.




DAIRY PRODUCTS
Milk and dairy product should also be avoided because absorption of these is difficult for body that's why they worse your diarrhea,Beverages also avoided.If some one mildly intolerance to lactose then avoid all dairy products




FATTY FOOD
Fatty food(fast food),caffeine,Red meat also avoided because they keep on building pressure on stomach for digestion and make the stomach more uncomfortable and sometime vomiting may be associated.



SORBITOL CONTAINING GUMS
Sugar free gums containing Sorbitol is laxative poorly absorbed by small intestine that effect on the digestive system and cause unexplained diarrhea and weight loss beware of sorbitol containing gums while diarrhea because it worse your diarrhea.





BY USING MEDICINE

 
ANTI-DIARRHEAL ABSORBENT
Adsorbents like activated charcoal,pectin,kaolin are not useful wile treating acute diarrhea they mildly show stool consistency and do not prevent the fluid and salt loss.




ANTI-MOTILITY MEDICATIONS
By using the anti motility medication the stomach keep on relaxing and relieve the cramps of abdomen and gave time to digestive system to recur.





OTC MEDICATIONS
Over the counter (OTC) medicines are those medicines which can be taken without the doctor's prescription.Some OTC are anti-diarrheal medicine that helps to relieve the symptoms of diarrhea and recur that e-g

Loperamide(Imodium)
Bismuth sub-salicylate(kaopectate,pepto-bismuth) this medicine also use to treat for vomiting,nausea and also for stomach upset.




USE OF ANTIBIOTICS 
See the doctor wile using anti-biotic.




SOME OTHER REMEDIES(home made)

CHAMOMILE TEA
This tea is used by ancient Egyptians to treat the digestive tract problems and as for diarrhea,vomiting, nausea,and other stomach related problems it actually help to reduce a lot of digestive system problems.






USE OF APPLE CIDER
Apple cider helps to clear diarrhea and constipation and is use as home remedy for both generally its help in such way that alkalize body hence body back in balance(disturb by diarrhea).It also helps to clear acne.




USE OF BLUEBERRIES
Blueberries is common source of food poisoning.You got diarrhea every time when you consume these berries if you are allergic to that,Blueberries contain salicylate(same as in aspirin) if you are sensitive to aspirin you may be sensitive to blueberries,so eat blueberries with care.





MUCILAGINOUS HERB
Mucilaginous plus a lot of water help to reduce the symptom by killing the causative bacterial organism.Some mucilaginous are psyllium,slippery,marshmallow......




EXTRA SLEEP
This will give time to digestive system to recover effectively and relieve the symptoms.