Diabetes is one of the most important disease facing today .What is diabetes? diabetes is simply the unbalance between the blood Glucose present in blood and the tissue glucose which is absorbed from blood under the influence of the INSULIN(hormone) if the insulin is either not present totally from birth (The type 1) or small amount release into blood(The type 2 major one).Insulin is secreted by pancreas.
According to WHO statistic; Diabetes epidemic an estimated that 30 million people around the world had diabetes in 1985.in 1995 the figure is 135 million,in 2000 the 177 million people involve.WHO estimate that in 2025 at least 300 million people involve. Previously estimate 800,000 deaths underestimated but 4 million deaths per year about 9% of global total .The death is due to the mainly Cardiovascular disorder(complication).
Some important statistic about DIABETES MELLITUS;more than 346 million people around world effected by diabetes mellitus (the type 2) as in 2010 ,92 million in china,50 million from India,3.8 million in UK and last 26 million in USA are effected.
What are the sign and symptom associated with diabetes(type 2);
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS
Frequently urinate a lot of time this will disrupt normal night sleep.
Excessive thirst and temporary or prolong dryness of mouth.This will one of the initial symptom of diabetes.
Excessive hunger or increased appetite is polyphagia this is also one of the main initial diabetic symptom.
WEIGHT LOSS AND FATIGUE
If the nerve being damage by diabetes then numbness ,tingling in hands and feet also burning pain or swelling.
SORE THAT DO NOT HEAL OR HEAL SLOW
High blood glucose impair the healing mechanism that's why slow healing leading to secondary bacterial infection (end up with diabetic foot).
STRESS (is also the most important cause)
When the stress is on a person they respond more or rather say they are in sudden flight and fight response that change the blood glucose sparkley over a time the pancreas can not maintain that level and cause diabetes.
DIABETES IS CONTROL BY FOLLOWING SIMPLE MEASURE
EXERCISE (30 min daily)
Daily 3o min brisk walk is very good tool to control blood sugar because exercise force the blood glucose to enter inside muscles.
USE HIGH FIBER DIET
The vegetables,beans and grain provide burst of fiber which support digestive system and liver also.Fiber clear toxic and extra calorie with them they keep cholesterol in normal range.
DRINK PLENTY OF WATER
Plenty of water washes away all toxin of over body that's the key required by the diabetic patients.
STOP SMOKING AND ALCOHOL
Stop smoking and alchol which worsen the symptoms.The smoking enhance the atherosclerosis
and cause angina,heart attack and so on.
STOP OVER EATING
Over eating directly related to blood glucose level when over eat blood glucose shoot up.
Recovery of over all body muscles,nerves is approx 7 hrs or more proper sleep (on an almost empty stomach) will help to reduce the diabetic symptom.
OVER WEIGHT MUST LOOSE EXCESS WEIGH
over weight is the fertile soil for many diseases to grow in it if you have diabetes you must loose your excess weight,and maintain your body mass index BMI in normal range.
ELIMINATE JUNK FOOD TOTALLY
Simply junk food is eliminated .
CHECK YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE
Check blood pressure this will kept in normal range 110/70 if large change then see doctor.
Eat slowly will help to maintain calorie and less chances of overeating our sensor in brain needs about 20 min to get satiety(feeling of fullness) signal.
CUT DOWN FATTY FOOD
Never use fatty food .Omega 3 fatty acid food is good to eat.
Vitamin C rich Grapefruit is good to washes toxins because vitamin C is an anti-oxidant ,help to lowering cholesterol also.(lycopene same function).
EAT NUTS(vitamin E )
Nuts again rich in fib and magnesium regulate blood sugar.Nuts are good source of vitamin E this is also antioxidant help to protect from oxidative damage to eyes ,nerves(Vitamin E also called anti aging vitamin).
Another antioxidant found in herbs and spices(polyphenols) also have anti inflammatory action.Cinnamon help to increase ability to respond insulin thus normalizing the blood glucose.
FISH TWICE A DAY OR MORE
Fish or seafood provide good cholesterol to body they stabilizes blood sugar also rich in protein .Salmon or tuna are examples.
REGULAR SEE YOUR CONSULTANT
Regular see your consultant and take medication as directed also follow the diet chart as given by consultant.