Friday, 20 December 2013

SIMPLE TREATMENT OF COUGH

COUGH

USE OF HUMIDIFY AIR(HUMIDIFIERS)
This will help to relieve your coughing,congestion(from common cold,flu,sinus infections) and other related problems.The aim to use humidifiers is to humidify the environmental air because this will back the moisture into dry nose(respiratory tract),thin some degree of mucous to helps in draining,easier for breathing and relieve the cough.Two types of humidifier the first Warm-mist one and other cold-mist one .Warm-mist is not to use for children because they harm(burn if get closer) them and Cold is more accessible because of low coast ant secondly no heat energy as the hot one require.The cold and hot one both are equally effective.Most important is that to clean the humidifier to prevent a lot of bacterial and fungi(molds) infection by 10 % bleach solution and wipe it down daily.(10% is 9 cup of water with 1 cup of bleach).






DRINK WATER (IN STEPS NOT AT ONCE)
Drinking of plenty of water(drink 8 ounce every 2 hrs) helps to clear the mucus and all other gunk that present in environment normally traps into the pharynx.Mouth nose are directly open into pharynx,(common for air and food) then into two separated routes air into trachea ,food into oesophagus if some irritant(dust particles,pollution,mucus..) stuck into the pharynx response will be the cough.Normally the mucus is pull outward by beating motion of the cilia towards the pharynx and deposit there to enter into the gut(digestive tract) if drink a lot of water then this will helps to clear pharynx and no irritation by any foreign substance hence no cough.Due to chocking effective drink water always in steps.






USE LEMON AND HONEY
HONEY  have antibacterial properties that helps to clear the body harmful bacteria(that cause cough).Honey has well known vital nutrients i-e calcium,sodium,potassium,phosphorus,zinc,fluoride,selenium... these all require for tissue repair and growth.Honey has property of antioxidant that's why helps the body to clear toxic free radical damage.
LEMON have antibacterial and antiviral properties.They are rich source of vitamin C which helps our immune system to fight against the offending organism,also have antioxidant properties.

RECIPE take 1 cup of warm water,honey and approx 3 table spoon of squeezed lemon juice mix and stir until smooth and take 1-2 table spoon when first symptom of cough start take before bed help for goo night's sleep.




WARM MILK AND HONEY(prevent cough at night)
Add 2-3 table spoon of honey into warm milk and drink before the bed this will helps you good night's sleep.




CHEW PAPER MINT WHEN URGE TO COUGH
Paper mint is use variety of condition also use for cough this will helps you to relieve the symptoms and reduce the urge to cough.This commonly use during hours of  yours lecture,speech...






CHEST RUB
Rub the chest(malish) by using menthol chest rub this help you relieve the symptom reduce the urge to cough.




 SEE THE DOCTOR
If the symptoms persist and worse day by day despite of all efforts see the doctor for treatment.



Saturday, 9 November 2013

DIARRHEA SYMPTOM,CAUSE,TREATMENT


DIARRHEA
Frequently passing of more watery stools than normal called diarrhea  (loose motion or watery stools).If  the stools with blood than dysentery.
SYMPTOMS
Diarrhea is most frequently associated with abdominal pains,cramps,repeated go to toilet,nausea sometime with vomiting,watery stools(poo).Normally diarrhea is cured in children within a week not go longer and in adults it take 1-2 day to cured.
CAUSES
Mostly associated with infection setting in intestine like gastroenteritis,food poisoning or associated by some viruses rotavirus(3-8 days),norovirus(2 days),giardiasis(weeks),salmonella and campylobacter (2-7 days)





TREATMENT


BY USING DIET PLANE

DRINK PLENTY OF WATER WITH FLUID REPLACEMENT
Diarrhea is associated with high water and fluid loss from body due to water loss dehydration occur but due to salt imbalance a lot of problems occurring; in blood less ionic balance lead to different complications so the simple replacement is that drink plenty of water + oral re-hydration solutions(ORS) and give zinc supplements because due to diarrhea zinc is loss in excessive ratio.




DIET ADJUSTMENT
Diet adjustment during initial 24 hrs of diarrhoea is to limit yourself to yogurts,and Saltine cracker(100 grams) which contain 42% of sodium daily requirement others are the potassium 4%,total carbohydrates 24%,dietary fibers 11%,proteins 20%, vitamin B-6 5%,vitamin B-12 1%,iron 28%,magnesium 6%(all values are %age daily requirement .




BRAT DIET
BART diet is mnemonic of B-banana,A-apple,R-rice,T-toast because the diet is low in fibers,fat and not enough nutritions thats help to recover a gastrointestinal system.




USE OF GINGER
Ginger helps to smooth yours stomach,treat vomiting and nausea.ginger use by old chines herbal to treat the stomach problems .ginger fast movement of food from stomach and relieve to stomach .Ginger contain gingerols which is the active ingredient in that beside that it will help to relieve the stomach symptoms excess will lead to more frequent passage of stools hence diarrhea




FOOD SHOULD BE AVOIDED(first 48 hrs)

SPICY FOOD
Spicy food,fruit,alcohol intake should be avoided until 48 hrs the diarrhea has subsided.
because they all worsen diarrhoea and lead to other's complications.




DAIRY PRODUCTS
Milk and dairy product should also be avoided because absorption of these is difficult for body that's why they worse your diarrhea,Beverages also avoided.If some one mildly intolerance to lactose then avoid all dairy products




FATTY FOOD
Fatty food(fast food),caffeine,Red meat also avoided because they keep on building pressure on stomach for digestion and make the stomach more uncomfortable and sometime vomiting may be associated.



SORBITOL CONTAINING GUMS
Sugar free gums containing Sorbitol is laxative poorly absorbed by small intestine that effect on the digestive system and cause unexplained diarrhea and weight loss beware of sorbitol containing gums while diarrhea because it worse your diarrhea.





BY USING MEDICINE

 
ANTI-DIARRHEAL ABSORBENT
Adsorbents like activated charcoal,pectin,kaolin are not useful wile treating acute diarrhea they mildly show stool consistency and do not prevent the fluid and salt loss.




ANTI-MOTILITY MEDICATIONS
By using the anti motility medication the stomach keep on relaxing and relieve the cramps of abdomen and gave time to digestive system to recur.





OTC MEDICATIONS
Over the counter (OTC) medicines are those medicines which can be taken without the doctor's prescription.Some OTC are anti-diarrheal medicine that helps to relieve the symptoms of diarrhea and recur that e-g

Loperamide(Imodium)
Bismuth sub-salicylate(kaopectate,pepto-bismuth) this medicine also use to treat for vomiting,nausea and also for stomach upset.




USE OF ANTIBIOTICS 
See the doctor wile using anti-biotic.




SOME OTHER REMEDIES(home made)

CHAMOMILE TEA
This tea is used by ancient Egyptians to treat the digestive tract problems and as for diarrhea,vomiting, nausea,and other stomach related problems it actually help to reduce a lot of digestive system problems.






USE OF APPLE CIDER
Apple cider helps to clear diarrhea and constipation and is use as home remedy for both generally its help in such way that alkalize body hence body back in balance(disturb by diarrhea).It also helps to clear acne.




USE OF BLUEBERRIES
Blueberries is common source of food poisoning.You got diarrhea every time when you consume these berries if you are allergic to that,Blueberries contain salicylate(same as in aspirin) if you are sensitive to aspirin you may be sensitive to blueberries,so eat blueberries with care.





MUCILAGINOUS HERB
Mucilaginous plus a lot of water help to reduce the symptom by killing the causative bacterial organism.Some mucilaginous are psyllium,slippery,marshmallow......




EXTRA SLEEP
This will give time to digestive system to recover effectively and relieve the symptoms.



Thursday, 24 October 2013

DIETARY FIBER

DIETARY FIBER
Dietary fiber(roughage,ruffage) is important part of our daily diet.On the basis of age fiber is required into daily diet requirement."Fiber is part of diet which is non digestible through our digestive system and make bulk of diet"e-g plums and prunes.
SOLUBLE FIBER
Part of fiber with dissolved in water and fermented in colon to gases and other by products this can slow movement of food from colon.Soluble fiber found in various quantities in all plants.
  • Legume family(beans,peas,lupins)
  • Nuts with almond (high ratio)
  • Oat,chin,barley,rye
  • Some fruits(ripe banana,berries,plums,prunes,avocados,and skin of apple,pears,quinces).
  • Some vegetables(carrot),root vegetable like sweet potatos ,onions(skin rich source of insoluble fibers),and root-tubers 
  • flax seeds


INSOLUBLE FIBER
Can't digest by our digestive tract can't water soluble ,bulking fiber in water easy movement and help in defecation.Some important food rich in insoluble fibers.
  • Legumes (beans,peas)
  • Nuts and seeds
  • potato,onion,grapes,tomatos skin
  • lignans
  • Some fruit unripe banana,avocados
  • Whole grain food ,wheat and corn bran (all are rich source)


DAILY FIBER REQUIREMENT
CHILDREN
  • 1-3 years require 19 grams daily
  • Kids 4-8 years require 25 grams daily
MALES
  • Boys 9-13 years require 31 grams daily
  • teen boy 14-18 years and males under 50 require 38 grams of fiber per day
  • man over 50 require 30 grams of fiber per day 
FEMALES
  • Girls 9-18 require 26 grams daily
  • women under 50 require 25 grams of fiber per day
  • women over 50 require  21 grams of fiber per day
  • Pregnant women need 28 grams and breastfeeding mother need 29 grams daily.
 ADVANTAGES

INCREASE OF FIBER DIET AND CURRENT STATUS
First check your current status by assessing of diet which you take in routine plane and sum up all fiber
If you are taking the diet which is less in fiber suppose it is 14 grams and you are young male of 20 age you suppose to take 38 grams daily than how you can add more fiber in daily diet plane? add fiber gently don't jump over 38 grams immediately with slow pace you can achieve your's desirable levels this is important because our digestive tract home in for bacteria thats why add slowly fiber the bacteria get adapt to that amount.




 SOME FRUIT GROUP AND FIBER SERVING 
 



REGULATE THE BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL
Insoluble fibers help in low down the risk of type 2 diabetes because they disrupt the absorption of sugar from gut and helps to stabilize the insulin level.




WEIGHT LOSS
Food high fiber content is less calories per volume as refine food,because fiber make the diet bulk then take much more time by to digest by stomach hence person feel satiety for long time and never eat due to fullness of stomach.That is the reason how fiber reduce body weight.


PREVENT CONSTIPATION AND INTESTINAL HEALTH
Fiber makes solid waste easier to eliminate from body because it softens ,due to softness of waste they can't damage the gut wall hence keep the gut healthy.




REGULATE CHOLESTEROL LEVELS
Same to regulate the sugar fiber can regulate the cholesterol level ,fiber disturb the absorption of cholesterol from gut hence low level of cholesterol in blood indirectly prevent sever clinical manifestation of heart attack,stroke,atherosclerosis and others.





DISADVANTAGE 

TOO MUCH FIBER INTAKE 
If you take too much amount at a time this will lead to constipation ,abdominal discomfort.The only disadvantage.



Saturday, 19 October 2013

OBESITY AND ITS PREVENTION

OBESITY
Adverse effect on body due to excess accumulation of body fat which lead to reduce the life expectancy of individual subject also have major health manifestations this is classified as the obesity.Or more precisely if your body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30.0 you are suppose to be obese.Body mass index(BMI) can be calculated by mass(kg)/(height in meter)2 . On the basis of BM index i can able to distinguish between obesity ,overweight and normal or under weight.
  • If BMI is <18.5 it mean underweight 
  • If BMI is in between 18.5-24.9 normal
  • If BMI is in between 25.0-29.9 overweight
  • If BMI is in between  30.0-34.9 class 1 obesity      
  •  If BMI is in between  35.0-39.9 class 2 obesity     
  •  If BMI is greater or equal to 40.0 than class 3 obesity   
Now you are able to self categorized.  
Another criteria which can classify the Abdominal obesity is Waist/Hip ratio 
  • If waist/hip ratio is above than 0.9(males) ,0.85(females) OR BMI is more than 30.0
  • Abdominal obesity is of two types first one is "Apple shape" in which excess fat is around belly which is more dangerous than the "Pear shape" in which excess fat is around the hip (male with waste 40 inch in female 39 inch consider obese).Why obesity is important to know because due to this in USA 111,909-365,000 deaths per year and in Europe this amount is 1 million deaths per year.  




MECHANISM 
Deposition of fat to various organ of body is dependent onto the bad guy ;low density lipoprotein (LDL) because dietary fat from gut is delivered to liver from there cholesterol (the fat) taken up by LDL and delivered it toward the periphery(toward body organs) and deposited there ,it mean when ever the LDL level is high more fat is deposited onto body.Counterpart of LDL is high density lipoprotein (HDL) the good guy which deliver the peripheral fat toward liver for metabolism and excretion hence reduction in fat content of body.In nut shell raised of HDL is good but LDL is alarm to you.[recommended level of total cholesterol(hdl,ldl and 20% of total TAG) is less than 200 mg/dl ,borderline is 200 to 239 mg/dl ,greater than 240 is high].




TYPES OF DIETARY FATS
The dietary fats are 
  • monounsaturated fat
  • polyunsaturated fat 
  • saturated fat
  • trans fat
Good fat is monounsturated and polyunsaturated because good for heart ,vessels and for our health.Bad fats are saturated and trans fats which harms to body.


HOW TO PREVENT OBESITY
Most frequently asked question by patient answer is simple as follow.

DIET ADJUSTMENT
Diet play the most important role in obesity.If you able to control your diet plane you are able to control the obesity easily.Manage your time in such a way that feeding is on fix time avoid feeding all the time.





FATS
GOOD AND USABLE FAT
Use monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats 
  • Monounsaturated fat rich foods:
Oils(olive,canola,sunflower,peanut,sesame)
Nuts(almonds,peanuts,hazel nut,cashews,pecan)
Avocados,Olives,Peanut butter, 




  • Polyunsaturated fats rich food:
Oils ( soybean,corn,safflower),
Walnuts,Sunflower sesame pumpkins and falxseed,Tofu,Soymilk.





BAD FAT BETTER TO AVOID
Saturated and trans fat are less use or better to avoid .
  • Saturated fat foods:
Meat(beef,lump,pork),Chicken with skin,
ice cream,chess,butter,Palm and coconut oil,
Whole fat dietary product(milk,cream),lard.




  • Trans fat rich foods:
Commercially baked(pastries,pizza dough,muffins,dough-nut,cookies),
Fried foods(chicken nuggets,breaded fish,French fries,fried chicken)
Packaged snaked food(microwaves,pop corn ,crackers,chips),
Stick margarine,vegetable shortening,Candy bar.




EXERCISE 
Exercise play major role in obesity.Exercise metabolized your's fat content hence reduction in body total fat load,it boost up immunity,also activate phospholipase which help in degradation of fat,exercise keep the person healthy ,exercise increase your muscle activity,it raised the HDL level.Recommended 30 min brisk walk daily help to stay health ,regular home or gym exercise also excellent. 





LIFESTYLE 
Change your life style because the obesity is disease of sedentary lifestyle people.Daily workout is essentially included to your's lifestyle.





FRUIT AND VEGETABLE
Fruits is important part of diet daily 4 to 5 fruit serving for healthy life.Green leaf vegetable is essential for healthy living.





REMEMBER 
  • Never starve your self
  • Take proper sleep
  • Never overexert yourself if exercise 5 time a week take 2 day rest.

OBESITY LEAD TO
  • Diabetes
  • hyperlipidenemia(LDL level increase)
  • More chances of other diseases
  • Stroke and hemorrhages
  • Vessel narrowing (atherosclerosis)
  • kidney failure
Obesity has high relapse rate mostly or 95% people lose weight regain within 5 years.


Friday, 13 September 2013

da Vinci ROBOT(surgical system)

Every thing is meliorated with the time during this century, a lot of mind blowing technology is ramping up  in every field of science.Technology play a fundamental  role in the life, it is as important as diet. We are in the century in which we can't survive even a single sec without technology.
Nothing in this world works better than human brain the ALLAH (GOD) gifted brain we can build everything which we thought.I particularly concern about the revolutionised technology of health department of science.
The da vanci robot (Traditionally the laparoscopic surgery is change).
FDA CLEARANCE
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the da Vinci robotic surgical system in 2000 for multiple uses(urologic,general non cardiovascular ,cardiotomy ..)

WHAT IS "da Vinci ROBOT" HISTORY BACKGROUND
da Vinci surgical system is the robotic surgery system this system is made by an American company 'Intuitive surgery' .Manufactures called da Vinci system "da Vinci" because in part  the first robot invented by "Leonardo da vinci" and discovered by "Mario Taddei" .

The robotic surgery is that help full for surgeon or not whats its benefit and lost points ??


THE da vinci ROBOT
The da vinci robot is highly modified surgical system with limited error ratio. It is consist of the sequence of arms ,console,tower ,and the 3-D cameras .


THE ARMS
Da vinci robot have four combination of arms the arms is modified in such a way that they are more efficient to human hands .The arms are control by the computer that exactly replicates movements of the surgeon which is operating.The 3 robotic arms can hold multitude of different surgical instruments, and the 4th one is holding a 3-D camera.


The surgeon manipulate the arms by maneuvering the two master controls which provide precision fine movement(just like that the surgeon is playing a video game).

THE TOWER
The tower is positioned directly over the patient during the ongoing surgery.Tower hold arms like surgeon hands.




CONSOLE
The console where surgeon sits and control the robotic arms while looking into stereoscopic monitor which give magnified,high definition 3-D view of surgical area where the process is ongoing. 




ADDITIONAL OPTIONS
The FOOT SWITCH; used to regulate between two different energy source.
TOUCH PADS;that work for surgeon in such a way that surgeon easily adjust the video,audio.....
The system is design in excellent manner that surgeon is relax and focused position all the time.
Additional two dimensional view for the rest of the surgical team that what the surgeon doing on the da Vinci's stereoscopic monitor(interesting).



IS THAT HELPFUL FOR SURGEON?

 Da Vinci robot have a number of surgeon friendly features.

3-D high-definition vision;that provide magnified view of surgical site hence the error is minimum.


An additional arm;this arm give approx 50% more capability of operation than hands.




Wrist action(mechanical wrist);extra mobile wrist action the robot have mechanical wrist and can hold wide array of surgical specialized instrument(with great variety of movement) that human hands can not capable off.



Scalability;robot simplify the complex movement like knot-tying during the operation and the complex movements which can not made by human hands.Complex movement inside the body during surgery is very difficult because of visual acuity is low and surgeon even can not see what he doing but it is all about experience or da Vinci robot!




CLINICAL USE
The da vinci robot use a lot of surgical procedure include mitral valve repair,gastric bypass ,a lot of more ..

BAD ABOUT ROBOT?
DIFFICULT TO LEARN FOR USER 
Surgeon never use like that before ,thats why its hard to learn how to operate because on the surgical table their is no chance of error.


PROPRIETARY SOFTWARE 
It is the robot which is programmed according to a software that software can not modified by  physicians hence restrict the freedom of modify the system.When you want to do additional movement you must built software first.


THE COST
Most important is that $2 million or more place it beyond the reach of many institutions.Fact is that if people turn towards the robotic surgery then number of operation by robot is increase thats why its cost decrease.


IN THE END
The robotic surgery is revolutionizer above the today's open surgery; healing is good, no post operative or minimal pain, in short it is good and more life saving than other technologies. Every good thing has its on side effect hence they have also like its electronic skill ,computer operative ,software and many more it is count able because we deal with human there are no chance of practical or mistake .This robotic system is use because of less disadvantages and more advantages.